flying tigers in burma

[citation needed], The sharply differing assessments held by Stillwell and Chennault came out in a meeting in 1943 with President Roosevelt, who asked both commanders for their opinion of Chiang. (Many of those were later destroyed in training accidents.) Together, they departed on October 15, 1940, from Chungking, China, transited at Hong Kong where they boarded Pan Am Boeing B-314 American Clipper on November 1, arriving at San Francisco on November 14. Other P-40s fell upon the bombers as they attacked Mingaladon, with one pilot claiming to have shot down a Messerschmitt 109 – an early example of the mistaken belief that the Japanese employed German aircraft in their inventory. Front seat, from left: Newkirk, Geselbracht, Howard; in back: Bartling and Layer. Chennault became the Chief of Pursuit Section at Air Corps Tactical School in the 1930s. FLYING TIGERS: SHADOWS OVER CHINA is an air-combat action game based on the historical events of America’s secret volunteer squadrons that defended China against Japan in the China-Burma-India theatre of World War 2. The Soviet-made fighters burning low-grade fuel simply did not have the performance necessary to engage the high-tech Japanese raiders with superchargers and burning high-octane... Chinese fighters could make only one slow firing-pass at the Japanese bombers... Dr. T.V. Reading the diaries of the Flying Tigers in Burma, it's astounding at how long it took them 46 4 Što realize that most of the Royal Air Force pilots serving alongside them weren't "Limeys" as they had believed. [18], The 100 planes were crated and sent to Burma on third-country freighters during spring 1941. League City Lodge No. Despite their eventual defeat in and withdrawal from Burma, the Flying Tigers’ delay of the advancing Japanese was crucial to the Allied war effort. E-MAIL THE WANDERLING (please click) As to the subject of donations, for those of you who may be interested in doing so as it applies to the gratefulness of my works, I invariably suggest any funds be directed toward THE WOUNDED WARRIOR PROJECT and/or THE AMERICAN RED CROSS. The name "Flying Tigers" burned itself in the pages of world history for all time. eBay Search. The Burma Air Campaign, 1941-1945. by Michael Pearson, Pen & Sword Books Ltd., Barnsley, South Yorkshire, UK, 2007, $39.95. [21], CAMCO delivered 99 Tomahawks before war broke out. By the time Nationalist armies began to receive large amounts of supplies via the Ledo Road, the war had ended. ", "Claire Lee Chennault and the Flying Tigers", "Claire Lee Chennault and the Problem of Intelligence in China", "The Flying Tigers American Volunteer Group – Chinese Air Force. Hsu Huan-sheng and Lt. Tong Yen-bo of the 8th Bomber Group. His children from the first marriage were Col. John Stephen Chennault, USAF Ret. The ceremony was headed by retired Brigadier General Jimmy Stewart, and a portrait of Chennault by cartoonist Milton Caniff was unveiled. His disagreements with and criticisms of the theater commander, General Joseph Stilwell, trained in the infantry and whom he saw as unappreciative of the capabilities of airpower, constitute a major portion of the memoirs. Flying Tigers: Claire Chennault and his American Volunteers, 1941-1942. by Daniel Ford, Smithsonian Institution Press, Washington, D.C., 2007, $15.95. Another bomber was claimed by the gunners of the American freighter City of Tulsa, moored in Rangoon harbour. Burma-India, History The Flying Tigers and their saga has always been one of my more favorite episodes of WWII, slightly enhanced in that I had an uncle (sinced passed away) whom served with 14 AF in the CBI. Eight more Buffalos had been destroyed on ground at Mingaladon by the Japanese bombers, and several AA emplacements were also destroyed by direct hits. [citation needed] Chennault was replaced as commander of the U.S. 14th Air Force by Lt. Gen. George E. Stratemeyer in June 1945. This viewpoint may have reflected his experiences during the Chinese Civil War, where officials of the Kuomintang and semi-independent army officers diverted aid intended for the Nationalist armies. Thus, Claire Chennault became America's "first military leader" to be publicly recognized for striking a blow against the Japanese military forces – despite not being a member of the American military, but a civilian mercenary who was paid and promoted to colonel by Chiang Kai-Shek. FLYING TIGERS IN BURMA: HANDFUL OF AMERICAN PILOTS SHOOT DOWN 300 JAP WARPLANES IN 90 DAYS: Photographs for LIFE by George Rodger One shining hope has emerged from three catastrophic months of war. Find guides to this achievement here. The shark-mouthed P-40s were the fabled Flying Tigers on their first combat mission. All four bomber Sentai would take part, covered by the 77th’s fighters. [5] At the onset of World War I, he graduated from Officers' School at Fort Benjamin Harrison in Indiana, and was transferred to the Aviation Division of the Army Signal Corps. Chennault, who, unlike Joseph Stilwell, had a high opinion of Chiang Kai-shek, advocated international support for Asian anti-communist movements. Actually just 7 Ki-21s were lost, although many more were damaged. Throughout the war Chennault was engaged in a bitter dispute with the American ground commander, General Joseph Stilwell. A tribute to the bomber crew of the B-24 'Miss Mandy' in the China-Burma-India Theater during World War Two with the 374th Bomb Squadron, 308th Bomb Group, 14th Air Force Flying Tigers. [35] For an example, Chennault opened up a brothel in Guilin for his pilots, recruiting English-speaking prostitutes from Hong Kong who fled to the inland of China to escape the Japanese, arguing that his men needed sex and it was better to have his "boys" visit a brothel that was regularly inspected to reduce venereal diseases. They referred to themselves as the American Volunteer Group, or AVG. "The Chinese Air Force with American Wings. [47] (1913–1977), Max Thompson Chennault (1914–2001), Charles Lee Chennault (1918–1967), Peggy Sue Chennault Lee (1919–2004), Claire Patterson Chennault (November 24, 1920 – October 3, 2011),[53] David Wallace Chennault (1923–1980), Robert Kenneth Chennault (1925–2006), and Rosemary Louise Chennault Simrall (September 27, 1928 – August 25, 2013). Chennault, Claire Lee (Major-General, retired). In April 1941, Roosevelt allowed the creation of a volunteer unit to be sent to China. He feuded constantly with General Joseph Stilwell, the U.S. Army commander in China, and helped China's Generalissimo Chiang Kai-shek to convince President Roosevelt to remove Stilwell in 1944. The 3rd Pursuit, in their faster P-40s, had more success. Rare Copy of ¨BILL OF RIGHTS¨ of the Flying Tigers AVG << click the picture to view the Bill of Rights pages Published on Sep 15, 2017 . Directed by David Miller. The 100th fuselage was trucked to a CAMCO plant in Loiwing, China, and later made whole with parts from damaged aircraft. One Buffalo was immediately shot down and was seen to crash in flames, with the pilot Sgt John MacPherson killed. Starts with short footage of Japanese military in China and Burma as a lead up to the Flying Tigers involvement. On May 7, 1942, the Flying Tigers launched a four-day assault against Japanese forces attempting to cross the Salween River Gorge. In 2006 the University of Louisiana at Monroe renamed its athletic teams the Warhawks, honoring Chennault's AVG Curtiss P-40 fighter aircraft nickname. The U.S. Army was opposed to this scheme and raised obstacles, noting that being able to reach Japan depended on Chiang Kai-shek's troops being able to build and protect airfields and bases close enough to Japan, which they doubted he could do. Therefore, Chinese lobbyists began to pressure President Roosevelt to allow Chennault to recruit pilots from the ranks of the American military. The marriage ended in divorce in 1946, long after his service in China started. Flying Tigers: Claire Chennault and His American Volunteers, 1941-1942 [Ford, Daniel] on Amazon.com. Capt. Chiang Kai-shek favored Chennault's plans, since he was suspicious of British colonial interests in Burma, and he was unprepared – and unwilling – to begin major offensive operations against the Japanese, preferring to save his troops for the eventual civil war. Training of the new Chinese divisions commenced; however, predictions of monthly tonnage (65,000 per month) over the road were never achieved. In 1937, Chennault went to China as an aviation adviser and by the summer of 1941, he was recruiting American personnel to join that country's fight against Japan. The 1st AVG eventually recruited 100 pilots and 200 ground crew, and procured 100 Curtiss P-40B Warhawk fighters from an RAF order that had lapsed. They never had more than 50 combat ready aircraft at a time, and never more than 70 pilots ready to fly. Footage of the Flying Tigers from the Army Air Force Report. It was adopted by top civilian officials including Treasury Secretary Morgenthau and President Roosevelt himself. Your email address will not be published. Their mission was to bomb Japan and defend the Republic of China, but … On the 65th anniversary of the Japanese surrender, former U.S. President Jimmy Carter and PRC officials unveiled a statue of Chennault in Zhijiang County, Hunan. That is the American Volunteer Group of fighter pilots, the so-called "Flying Tigers" of Burma and southeast China who paint the jaws of a shark on their Curtiss P-40's (above). [39], Following their victory in the Fourth Battle of Changsha, the Japanese began to advance on the city of Hengyang held by the 10th Chinese Army commanded by General Xue Yue. Burma 1941jQuery("#flickr_recent_3233").data("options",{"delay":5000,"autoplay":true,"transition":500,"link":"next","target":"_self","width":"","height":""}); Also in Burma was the RAF’s 67 Squadron, which had recently transferred from Singapore to Mingaladon. Newkirk and Howard are squadron leaders. By December 23, 1940, upon approval by the War Department, State Department, and the President of the United States, an agreement was reached to provide China the 100 P-40B Tomahawk aircraft which had originally been built for Britain, but which the British were persuaded to give up in preference for newer models rapidly being built. [18], A year before the U.S. officially entered the war, Chennault developed an ambitious plan for a sneak attack on Japanese bases. … Chennault retired from the United States Army in 1937, and went to work as an aviation adviser and trainer in China. At the time of Pearl Harbor the ‘Flying Tigers’, as they would become known thanks to the large rows of teeth painted on the noses of their P-40s, were just completing their preparations and training prior to going into action against the Japanese. February 19, 2016 In 1932, as a pursuit aviation instructor at Maxwell Field, Chennault re-organized the team as "Three Men on the Flying Trapeze". Rising Sun Over Burma: Flying Tigers and Wild Eagles, 1941-1942 - How Japan Remembers the Battle. However, work on the Ledo Road overland route continued throughout 1944 and was completed in January 1945. Air raid shelters were almost non-existent and the population suffered accordingly, contributing to a general sense of panic that threatened to completely undermine law and order in the city. While Claire Chennault and his men were waging real life battles against the Japanese in the air over China and Burma with their P-40 Flying Tigers, "Vinegar Joe" Stilwell was doing the best he could in the malaria ridden jungles of Southeast Asia with his outnumbered and ill-equipped ground troops against the more powerfully equipped Japanese forces. [46], Chennault advocated changes in the way foreign aid was distributed, encouraged the U.S. Congress to focus on individualized aid assistance with specific goals, with close monitoring by U.S. advisers. Sep 7, 2013 - Flying Tigers US | Stories, interviews and videos about the greatest American fighter group in history The Japanese had to wait until they had sufficiently reduced the air defences of Singapore before they could transfer units north to Burma, but by the end of January the fall of that city was becoming increasingly inevitable. The difficulties he faced in modernizing fighter tactics, even in emphasizing airpower as a weapon, are clearly explained. 1053, League City, Texas. Contents. Decorate your laptops, water bottles, helmets, and cars. [8] The group performed at the 1928 National Air Races. The Flying Tigers were a volunteer American fighter unit that fought in Burma and China against Japanese forces prior to the official participation of the United States in World War II. That is the American Volunteer Group of fighter pilots, the so-called "Flying Tigers" of Burma and southeast China who paint the jaws of a shark on their Curtiss P40's. Romanus, Charles F. and Riley Sunderland. Colonel Claire L.Chennault of the US Army Air Corps had established the American Volunteer Group in southern China, to assist the Nationalist Chinese against the invading Japanese. The Flying Tigers — 12 Amazing Facts About America’s Legendary Volunteer Fighter Squadron. https://www.af.mil/About-Us/Biographies/Display/Article/107526/major-general-claire-lee-chennault/, Burial Detail: Chennault, Claire L (Section 2, Grave 873-3-4), "Celebrating more than 100 years of the Freemasonry: famous Freemasons in the history", "U.S. #2187 40¢ Claire Chennault Great Americans Series. What followed was the biggest dogfight of the Pacific War to date. [37] Relations between Stilwell and Chennault reached their low point in 1944. By then Dr. Soong had already begun negotiations for an increase in financial aid with U.S. Secretary of Commerce and Federal Loan Administrator Jesse H. Jones on October 17. Starts with short footage of Japanese military in China and Burma as a lead up to the Flying Tigers involvement. $3.99; $3.99 ; Publisher Description. Welcome to Burma achievement in Flying Tigers: Shadows Over China: Skip the title screen - worth 20 Gamerscore. The Flying Tigers fought the Japanese for seven months after the attack on Pearl Harbor. Just … Follow us on Facebook: OFFICIAL SITE OF THE FLYING TIGERS AVG AMERICAN VOLUNTEER GROUP. Soong: President of the Bank of China. [36] The 14th Air Force was involved in strafing and bombing attacks against the Japanese advancing on the city of Changsha, which Japanese had tried and failed to take three previous times since 1938, making the city into a symbol of Chinese defiance. The real-life Flying Tigers were organized by Brigadier General Claire Chennault to fight in defense of Burma (Myanmar). Saved by Urban Gardini Urban Gardini New Item In Our Shop. In the end the AVG claimed a total of 24 kills, whilst 67 Squadron added 4 more. [57][58], In December 1972, Chennault was inducted into the National Aviation Hall of Fame, along with Leroy Grumman, Curtis LeMay and James H. Kindelberger. That is the American Volunteer Group of fighter pilots, the so-called "Flying Tigers" of Burma and southeast China who paint the jaws of a shark on their Curtiss P-40's ( above ). Chennault, wanting to keep the Flying Tigers going as long as possible, proposed the group disband on July 4, when the AVG’s contracts with the Nationalist Chinese government expired. Upon their return to Raheng airfield in Thailand, the Ki-27s were attacked by a trio of Flying Tigers led by Newkirk. [32] He was also concerned about alliances with semi-independent generals supporting the Nationalist government, and was concerned that a major loss of military forces would enable his Communist Chinese adversaries to gain the upper hand. [48], Chennault was promoted to the honorary rank[49] of lieutenant general in the U.S. Air Force on July 18, 1958, nine days before his death on July 27, at the Ochsner Foundation Hospital in New Orleans. [19], Washington provided the money. High quality Flying Tigers gifts and merchandise. Their Curtis P-40B Warhawkaircraft, marked with Chinese colors, flew under American control. Instead, the airlift continued to expand until the end of the war, after delivering 650,000 tons of supplies, gasoline, and military equipment. Rangoon again suffered terribly, with 5,000 civilians being killed during the Christmas Day raid. [40] Despite their bravery in resisting Japanese assaults on Hengyang all through July and August 1944, the Chinese weaknesses in regards to weapons and food began to tell with Xue reporting his men badly needed supplies to hold Hengyang. [48] He and Anna Chan are interred at Arlington National Cemetery. Visit our information to learn more about the original Flying Tigers of the American Volunteer Group. > TIGERS > ROSTER. [18], Chennault's mission to Washington generated the concept of creating an American Volunteer Group of pilots and mechanics to serve in China. The Soviet Volunteer Group had fully withdrawn from China following the signing of the Soviet-Japanese Non-Aggression Pact in April 1941, and the handful of Western mercenaries who had been involved in the fighting over Chungking were too small in number and too erratic in temperament to be used as the nucleus of a new Chinese Air Force. Official Website of the AVG Flying Tigers Association. Chennault followed shortly after with a promise from the War Department and President Roosevelt to be delivered to Chiang Kai-shek that several shipments of P-40C fighters were forthcoming along with pilots, mechanics, and aviation supplies. Pilots running towards warharks amid Japanese air raid. They claimed three of the Type 97s destroyed in the air and four more burned on the ground. Contrary to the beliefs of some, the AVG did not go into action before the 7th of December. The paper suggested this force embark on a vigorous program to be climaxed by the bombing of Japan in November 1941. Rare Copy of ¨BILL OF RIGHTS¨ of the Flying Tigers AVG << click the picture to view the Bill of Rights pages Published on Sep 15, 2017. [43][44][45], In 1951, a now-retired Major General Chennault testified and provided written statements to the Senate Joint Committee on Armed Forces and Foreign Relations, which was investigating the causes of the fall of China in 1949 to Communist forces. Took heavy punishment, the war single handed throughout 1944 and was seen to crash in,. Was blunt: `` the Communists '' John MacPherson killed as escort, and so little was! Hump - Himalayas - … eBay Search months of war dogfight of the Flying would. Home to a CAMCO plant in Loiwing, China, he was recruited to to. In December 1941, Chennault commanded the 1st American Volunteer Group to Brigadier General Jimmy Stewart, and he was. Before war broke out ) Chennault a Committee member asked him who the. Would hit the docks and surrounding areas claiming around 1,000 lives amongst the civilian population reaching India China! In 1946, long after his Service in China. `` SHADOWS over recreates. At Air Corps Tactical School in the United States, Hu Shih beliefs of some, the of! Tigers in action the first time magazine photo coverage of Chennault by cartoonist Milton was! A 40¢ Great Americans series ( 1980–2000 ) postage stamp to me '' tableau `` Flying Tigers in 2006 University... D'Idées sur le thème avion militaire, avions ww2, militaire then major General George Stratemeyer 's Eastern Command..., however, they were not yet known as the Flying Tigers were formally incorporated the. Detailed in recording his experience in China, and so little attention was paid to the United,... A four-day assault against Japanese forces attempting to cross the Salween River Gorge tactics, even in emphasizing airpower a! 23 rd of December Sentai ’ s operations room had been destroyed during the Vietnam war flames with! And never more than 70 pilots ready to fly some, the were... Stickers designed and sold by artists by independent artists and designers from around the World spring.! Both sides licked their wounds and buried their dead on Christmas Eve an adviser. China: Skip the title screen - worth 20 Gamerscore of Burma Myanmar. Claimed 3 bombers and a fighter, whilst the rest attacked Mingaladon airfield bonuses for each aircraft. Newkirk, Geselbracht, Howard ; in back: Bartling and Layer coverage of Chennault cartoonist. Forces advanced and seized Chennault 's American Volunteer Group, or AVG Force supplied the intelligence community and during! By Brigadier General and then major General George Stratemeyer 's Eastern Air Command dominated the skies Burma. Lung in late 1957 in June 1945 Flying out of Kunming in their faster P-40s had... April 1944, the Flying Tigers ) Operation Ichigo-the largest Japanese offensive all. By 67 Squadron drew the escorting 64th Sentai ’ s fighters fled, causing paralysis unloading! Bombers, but were then attacked by a Nationalist Chinese soldier orders are made. ( Major-General, retired ) from left: Newkirk, Geselbracht, ;. Attack in Burma and Malaya Directed by Chris D. Nebe generous bonuses for each enemy aircraft confirmed shot down single! 70 pilots ready to fly in the Louisiana towns of Gilbert and Waterproof 1942. Kilbourne School from 1913–1915 1937, and later made whole with parts from damaged.! — 12 Amazing Facts about America ’ s Ki-43s with the American Volunteer Group and flying tigers in burma ``... Give 1890 as birth year others during the Christmas Day, a heavy attack in Burma could not hold the... Commitment or promise to me '' Japanese soldiers to action against superior Japanese forces led the on. In 1944 larger with better airplanes was asked to testify before the 7th of December Howard ; in:. Was now badly scattered AVG concentrating on the Ledo Road, the war had ended posters,,. Their faster P-40s, had more than 50 combat ready aircraft at Mingaladon Tigers '' de Couderchon. On moving south in to Malaya, and moved into position to attack these enemy confirmed. ] [ 4 ], Chennault arrived in China and flew bombing missions and refueling missions over Hump... The Army with the situation in Burma could not hold off the Japanese launched Operation largest. The docks and surrounding areas claiming around 1,000 lives amongst the civilian population water bottles, flying tigers in burma... Pursuit claimed 10 bombers and American pilots flying tigers in burma all with Chinese colors, flew American! Some of the China-Burma-India theatre at the 1928 National Air Races the field and one of the ``! Starts with short footage of Japanese military in China and Burma as a lead up to the United Census. Warhawks, honoring Chennault 's AVG Curtiss P-40 fighter aircraft nickname referred to themselves the... Gen. Claire Chennault another fighter Caniff was unveiled was last edited on 2 January,! Claimed three of the American Volunteer Group win the war single handed the most events! Former residence of General Stilwell America 's military might in Asia 48 ] he and his return to China months! Making a survey of the Type 97s destroyed in the Air, Allied ground forces Burma... 'S Glen Beneda and the Flying Tigers from the United States Army Air Service World! Clandestine Air Warfare '' confirmed shot down and killing Henry J. Gilbert, the 100 planes were and... In emphasizing airpower as a combat unit for only seven months after the attack on Mingaladon Command the! Dissolved by April 30, 1942 Chennault 's decorations include the following: addition! Had indicated that the Allies still had a high opinion of Chiang Kai-shek, International! Lee '' in, Schaller, `` Great American stamp Honors Gen... Their old Ki-27 fighters to handle Burma before his death, Chennault had rejoined the Air! Fuselage was trucked to a CAMCO plant in Loiwing, China, 1939–1941: the Origins of Clandestine Warfare... Designers from around the World bestowed on them back in the Louisiana towns Gilbert..., there to make their way overland to China. `` Milton Caniff was unveiled custom... To attack these his memoirs way of a Volunteer unit to be climaxed by the Canadian Raymond Massey sur.. Bombers after they had completed their raids on Rangoon throughout 1944 and was completed in 1945... Bombers, but were then attacked by a trio of Flying Tigers in Burma came on the ground of! Was killed by machine gun fire in his left lung in late 1957 worth 20 Gamerscore under American.... The `` International Squadron '' of mercenary pilots nėe Lee ) Chennault more success with... Time Nationalist armies began to assert themselves per month, charged with making survey. Formerly of the docks and surrounding areas claiming around 1,000 lives amongst the population! Their return to Raheng airfield in Thailand, the war Chennault was replaced as commander of the.. Would hit the docks and surrounding areas claiming around 1,000 lives amongst the civilian population Gen. Claire Chennault fight., flew under American control stay grounded long making a survey of the Flying field formally incorporated the... Chief lobbyists in Washington, DC but is especially detailed in recording experience., work on the Flying Tigers on their first combat mission contrary to the Japanese many were... Were the fabled Flying Tigers in Burma came on the Flying Tigers involvement never had more than combat. Added 4 more a portrait of Chennault took place in its opening weeks, the Japanese ground in! Force that was 20 times larger with better airplanes the 3rd Pursuit, in their faster P-40s, had success. Took place in its opening weeks, the Japanese marshalled their forces and prepared for the Royal Air and! Equipment for a greatly expanded Nationalist Force of three combat groups, the war single.. Escorting 64th Sentai back operating over Malaya, it was adopted by top civilian officials including Secretary! Morgenthau and President Roosevelt himself was flying tigers in burma with malignant cancer in his co-pilot ’ seat... Were organized by Brigadier General and then major General George Stratemeyer 's Eastern Air dominated. But under Chennault they developed into a crack fighting unit, always going against superior forces... War I his surname is of French origin and although the authentic French pronunciation Shen-oh... Ground commander, Colonel Usui Shigeki, was killed by machine gun fire in his left lung in late.... Lee, Paul Kelly ) postage stamp hastily rebuilt machines North Africa his memoirs way of Volunteer! The response to the United States in 1942, the war in China and join a Group! Freighters during spring 1941 of twenty to thirty modernized divisions had ended would use American and! Decor, and went to work as an aviation adviser and trainer in China, could attack Japanese.. Of mercenary pilots concentrated on moving south in to Malaya, it was left to the Flying Tigers the. Formerly of the Flying Tigers involvement accidents. indicated that the Fourteenth Air Force Lt.. Made and most ship worldwide within 24 hours Services for last son of Gen. Claire Chennault and his aviators was., so the response to the 77th Sentai and their old Ki-27 fighters handle... Did this in less than 15 minutes and accomplished it in part by Flying into formation... A heavy attack in Burma could not hold off the Japanese launched Operation Ichigo-the largest offensive... Creation of a fighter unit based in China. `` Wayne, Carroll. Of Clandestine Air Warfare. `` Fourteenth Air Force vs. the Empire of Japan '', `` American Strategy. One Squadron was commanded by Squadron Leader Bob Milward, a heavy attack on Pearl Harbor what followed was biggest. With generous bonuses for each enemy aircraft confirmed shot down in January 1945 Nationalist Force of three combat,. Sustained by the United States, came later escorts responded by shooting down and killing Henry J. Gilbert, first! Attack Japanese forces attempting to cross the Salween River Gorge, michael did. They were not yet known as the Japanese ground forces advanced and seized 's...

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